Glossary Of Terms
|Appraisal - An opinion of value based upon of factual analysis.
Appraisal Methods - Generally, there major methods - Cost approach, Income approach, Market Value (comparables) approach.
Appreciation - An increase in value of real estate.
Assumption of Mortgage - The taking of title to
property by a grantee, wherein he or she assumes liability for payment
of an existing note secured by a mortgage or deed of trust against the
property: becoming a co-guarantor for the payment of a mortgage or deed
of trust not.
Closing - The final settlement of real estate transaction between buyer and seller.
Condominium - A structure of individual fee ownership of units combined with joint ownership of common area of the structure and the land.
Contract for Deed - A contract ordinarily used
in connection with the sale of property in cases when the seller does
not wish to convey title until all or the buyer pays a certain part of
the purchase price.
Contract of Title - A summary or digest of the
conveyances, transfers, and any other facts relied on as evidence of
title, together with any other elements of record, which may affect the
marketability of the title.
Conventional Loan - A mortgage securing a loan
made by investors without governmental underwriting, i.e., which is not
FHA insured or VA guaranteed.
Counter Offer - A rejection of an offer by a
seller along with an agreement to sell the property to the potential
buyer on terms differing from the original offer.
Deed - Written instrument which, when properly executed and delivered, conveys title.
Discount Points - Additional charges made by a
lender at the time a loan is made. Points are measured as a percent of
the loan, with each point equal to one percent.
Earnest Money Deposit - Down payment made by a purchaser as evidence of good faith.
Easement - Created by grant or agreement for a
specific purpose, or easement is the right, privilege or interest which
one party has in the land of another. Example: right of way.
Equity - The interest or value which an owner has in real estate over and above the liens against the real property.
Escrow - The deposit of instruments and funds
with instructions to a third neutral party (Escrow Agent) to carry out
the provision of an agreement or contract: when everything is deposited
to enable carrying out the instructions, it is called a complete or
F.H.A. Loan - (federal Housing Administration) -
A loan which has been insured by the federal government guaranteeing
its payment in case of default by the owner.
FMHA Loan - A loan by the federal government similar to FHA loan usually used for residential property in rural areas.
Impound Account - Account held by the lender for payment of taxes, insurance, or other periodic debts against real property.
Joint Tenancy - Joint ownership by two or more
persons with right of survivorship; all joint tenants own equal
interest and have equal rights in the property.
Lien - A form of encumbrance which usually makes
property security for the payment of a debt of discharge of an
obligation. Example: Judgments, taxes, mortgages, deeds of trust, etc.
Marketable Title - Merchantable title; title free and clear of objectionable liens or encumbrances.
Mortgage - An instrument recognized by law by
which property is hypothecated to secure the payment of a debt or
obligation: procedure for foreclosure in event of default is
established by state.
Mortgage Insurance - Insurance written by an
independent mortgage insurance company protecting the mortgage lender
against loss incurred by a mortgage default, thus enabling the lender
to lend a higher percentage on the sale price.
Origination Fee - A fee charged by the lending institution.
Personal Property - Any property which is not real property, e.g., money, savings accounts, appliances, cars, boats, etc.
Purchase Agreement - An agreement between a buyer and seller for the purchase of real estate.
Quitclaim Deed - A deed operating as a release.
Real Property - Land and whatever by nature or artificial annexation is a part of it.
Special Assessment - Legal charge against real
estate by a public authority to pay cost of public improvements such
as: street lights, sidewalks, street improvements, etc.
Sub-Division - A parcel of land that has been divided into smaller parts.
Term of Mortgage - The period during which a mortgage must be paid.
Trust Account - An account separate and apart
and physically segregated from broker's own faults, in which is
required by law to deposit all funds collected for clients.
V.A. Loan - A loan guaranteed by the Veterans Administration.
Warranty Deed - A deed used to convey real
property which contains warranties of title and quiet possession, and
the grantor agrees to defend the premises against the lawful claims of
1031 Exchange - Also referred to as a
"nontaxable sale", is a method enabling property owners to trade an
investment property for another investment property (or properties)
without paying capital gain taxes on the transaction.